Alfredo Morabia, Michael C. Costanza, and Martine S. This study sought to determine whether the age at initiation of regular cigarette smoking and the likelihood of quitting smoking through age 35 differ among women from younger versus older generations. Annual population-based, random surveys total of female residents of Geneva, Switzerland, aged 35—74 years were conducted from to
A representative sample of men and women aged 50 to 65 years living in a northern California community were interviewed to examine factors related to gender differences in quit rates in this age group. In this well-educated community, a significantly greater percentage of women Multivariate analysis revealed educational level and marital status, rather than gender, to be significant, independent factors associated both with current cigarette use and with successful quitting. Our data indicate that it is not being female per se, but rather the disparities in educational level and marital status that are linked with being an older woman, that are associated with continued smoking in this age group. In light of this, delivery of relevant information and support on the part of physicians and other health professionals may be of particular use to this population segment.
Indicates respondent's level of substance use, with scores ranging from 0 to 3; higher scores indicate more instances of substance use since the date of the last interview. Questions that asked respondents if they ever smoked a cigarette or if they had smoked since the date of their last interview were used as part of the Substance Use Index. See the Codebook Supplement Appendix 9 for more information and statistical analysis. Information on respondent's cigarette use was gathered in survey rounds In round 1, all respondents were first asked whether they had ever smoked an entire cigarette; if so, they reported their age at that time.